Metadata:
Editing & supported standards.

Notes:

  • Editing of metadata through the Nativ interface can only be done for music stored on the built-in hard disk drives.

To access the metadata editing screen please tap on the EDIT METADATA function in the more options pop-up.Nativ Vita Music Server Edit Metadata

 

The metadata editing screens are separated into 4 categories.

1. Standard metadata

This category covers the most common music information.Nativ Vita Music Server Edit Metadata

If the metadata of your music is incorrect or not available you can request suggestions by pressing the LOOKUP METADATA button. This feature will use acoustic fingerprinting to identify your music and look up the metadata in an online database.

The following metadata is provided for CDs that are imported via the Nativ Disc CD Ripper (if available in the Gracenote database):

  • Artist Origin
  • Artist Era
  • Artist Type


2. Exten
ded metadata

We have added a few metadata fields for the music stored on the built-in hard disk drives. This will allow you to categorize and manage specialized music — like Classical Music and Jazz — more properly. Nativ Vita Music Server Edit Metadata


3. External metadata

Here you can add information that links to the artists social media presence, music videos and more. 
Nativ Vita Music Server Edit Metadata

We are working on a crawler that will allow you to add some of this information automatically via the LOOKUP METADATA button.


4. 
Artwork

Allows you to upload and change the album artwork.Nativ Vita Music Server Edit Metadata

 

All metadata changes through the Nativ interface are simultaneously saved into the local metadata database and the file tag. This ensures that you can export your music to other devices and will not loose your edits. Note: Metadata in the EXTENDED and EXTERNAL category is specific to Nativ and cannot be read by other devices.

You can also edit the metadata through a 3rd party software on a Mac or PC.

 


Metadata Tagging Guide.

Introduction

The correct tagging of audio files can be a real challenge, due to the fact that

  • only a subset of metadata tags are standardized for cross platform use
  • different container formats are used for the tagging of different audio file types
  • a mapping is needed to achieve interoperability between the same tags for different container formats

We believe that your music is your asset and therefore have designed Nativ Vita as an open platform so you can easily transfer and use your music across different products, including the metadata. All metadata is simultaneously saved into the local metadata database and the audio files. The synchronization event will be triggered by changing and saving entries through the Nativ Vita’s metadata editing User Interface (UI). This ensures that you are able to export your music any time to other devices and will not lose your edits.

Note: Prerequisite for adding a metadata field into the tag container of the audio file is that the field contains a value and is not empty (Nativ Vita metadata editing UI)

Metadata Tagging Map (Basics)

All Metadata fields that can be saved into the audio files are listed in our Metadata Tagging Map.Nativ Metadata Tagging Map

You can download the tagging map here.

The Metadata Tagging Map classifies the metadata tags into:

Basic Metadata (BM)

The core meta-tags and supported/defined in all major tagging standards or file formats one way or another. These tags usually are displayed by most music players.

Extended Metadata (EM)

Additional standardized meta-tags that provide information a user or software may expect. Not all formats or software may support these tags.

User Defined Metadata (UM)

Defines extra fields that are not part of any metadata standard, but make sense to be added for a better description of the music.

 


Tagging metadata with a 3rd party software.

In some cases you might want to tag your music outside the Nativ system by using a 3rd party tagging software. Nativ Vita supports the following audio files and container formats.

 Audio Format /Codec  File Extension  Container format for tagging
 Waveform Audio File Format (WAVE)  .wav  ID3/RIFF
 Audio Interchange File Format  (AIFF)  .aiff / .aif / .aifc  ID3/RIFF
 Apple Lossless Audio CODEC (ALAC)  .m4a  Apple
 Free Lossless Audio CODEC (FLAC)  .flac  Vorbis Comment
 Advanced Audio Coding (AAC)  .aac / .mp4 / .m4a  Apple
 MPEG Audio Layer III (MP3)  .mp3  ID3
 OGG (Vorbis)  .ogg  Vorbis Comment
 Direct Stream Digital (DSD)  .dff / .dsf  ID3 (DSF)
 Digital eXtreme Definition (DXF)  .wav  ID3/RIFF

To achieve interoperability for later import to the Nativ Vita the 3rd Party tagging software has to use the tags (field names) of the respective container format depending on the audio file type listed in our Metadata Tagging Map (see above).

Notes for 3rd party tagging:

  • Tagging of basic metadata is possible with most 3rd party tagging software.
  • There are only a few 3rd party tagging programs on the market that fully support the full set of Extended- and all User-Defined Metadata tags. Nativ recommends to use the following 3rd party software for tagging:
    Kid3 (Windows, Mac and Linux)
    MP3TAG (Windows)
  • You can edit the metadata through Kid3 and MP3TAG. To do so the music must be stored on the Mac/PC as it cannot be edited directly in the SMB folder of Nativ Vita.
  • After tagging the audio files they can be imported via the SMB import folder and Nativ Vita will read and import all file embedded tags.

 


Tagging Audio Files with KID3.

Tagging of audio files that have been pre-tagged by the Nativ Vita.

The big advantage of KID3 is that it is able to display and edit all tags listed in our Metadata Tagging Map. This is normally the case if the audio file was previously tagged through the metadata editing routine of the Nativ Vita (see notes in introduction above).Nativ Vita Music Player Kid3

You can verify this by opening our samples file with KID3, which you can download here. It contains all the metadata fields we support.

From this perspective KID3 is the best utility to manage your audio file tags outside the Nativ Vita after exporting them to a PC or MAC.

1st time tagging of audio files that do not contain any predefined tag structure.

Kid3 is not able to display User-Defined Metadata Tags (UM) if they are not included inside the audio file. You  have to generate the user-defined tags every time after starting the program or changing the audio file.

If your audio file does not contain the user-defined tags please follow these steps.

Step 1: Open KID3 and configure the Quick Access Frames and Plugin settings.

Open the KID3 configuration menu and select the tab “Tags” and “Tag 2”.Nativ Vita Music Player Kid3

Select the tab “Tags” and “Tag 2”.

Select and activate all BM and EM Tags which are inside the Quick Access Frame Box, which are also listed inside the Metadata Tagging Map.

Arrange the metadata fields inside the Quick Access Frames Box field by drag & drop, using the same sort order as defined in the Metadata Tagging Map.

Click “OK” and then select the tab “Plugins”.Nativ Vita Music Player Kid3

Ensure that only TaglibMetadata and OggFLACMetadata plugins are selected. These are the right Plugins for tagging Vorbis Comment, MP4 and all ID3 Frames.
 
If you now open an audio file or a group of audio file all the selected Basic and Extended Metadata Tags from the Quick Access Frames Box field will be displayed in the configured sort order, and you can set the values for each tag.

Important note for “Performer” tag:

Vorbis Comment / Apple (m4a, MP4 )

  • To set the Performer tag please use “Performer” from the Quick Access Frame Box. After activation it will be displayed inside the tagging window as part of the Tag 2 structure.

ID3v2.3

  • If the Tag 2 of your audio file is an ID3v2.3 tag the mapping of the frame is not always bijective because KID3 uses the corresponding IPLS frame for the predefined Performer and Arranger tags. When reading back the IPLS frame both are displayed as Arranger inside the tagging window as part of the Tag 2 structure.
  • To prevent irritations we recommend to use the predefined Arranger tag to set the value for Performer to the IPLS frame.
  • The field performer is able to contain more than one string. It is required to separate these strings with seperator sign “|”. If only one string exists the separator is also required  e.g.: string1|string2||

ID3v2.4

  • If the Tag 2 of your audio file is an ID3v2.4 tag please use the predefined Performer tag from the Quick Access Frame Box. In this case KID3 will use the coresponding TMCL frame.
  • The field performer is able to contain more than one string. It is required to separate these strings with seperator sign “|”. If only one string exists the separator is also required  e.g.: string1|string2||

Nativ Vita Music Player Kid3

Tags which are included inside the audio file will be displayed, next to the tags that have been left blank.

Step 2: Adding User Defined TAGS to Audio Files.

Select the audio files that you want to add a User-Defined Metadata Tag to.Nativ Vita Music Player Kid3

Click on “Add..” button and the window “Add Frame” will open.

Enter the name for the User-Defined Metadata Field (UM) field into the drop-down list and click OK.

You can find the correct field name inside the Metadata Tagging Map. Please make sure to pick the right field name, which depends on the audio file format.

A 2nd Window now pops up, were you can enter the value for the tag “Ensemble”.Nativ Vita Music Player Kid3

Please ensure that the field contains a value and is not empty. Only if the field has a value it will be written into the selected audio files.

After the value of the User-Defined Metadata Field has been set (in this case Value = Ensemble) please press the “SAVE” button from main menu.Nativ Vita Music Player Kid3

The field name “ENSEMBLE” with the value “Ensemble” will now be written into the selected music files.

After importing the audio files into the Nativ Vita the User-Defined Metadata Field will be read by the import routine and displayed in the Nativ Vita’s User Interface.

 


Tagging Audio Files with MP3Tag.

Before you start tagging your audio files with MP3Tag you have to set a few configurations to ensure that the right frame format will be used, and to get access to the tags you want to add.

Main window.

Open the reference sample audio files we provided above (please make sure to choose the audio file type you want to tag, e.g. MP3 audio file containing a ID3v2.3 structure.).

MP3 Tag displays all Basic Metadata Tags (excluding “Compilation”) in its main window, and additionally all Extended and User-Define Metadata tags you have added later.Nativ Vita Music Server MP3TAG

Basic configuration.

Before you add new tags for display and editing to the main window, open the MP3Tag Options menu and select “Tags”. Please set the read, write and remove properties according to your preference. This is important as MP3Tag allows you to write different frame structures (e.g. IDv2.3 and APE) into one audio file. We recommend to use only one frame structure to avoid issues.Nativ Vita Music Server MP3TAG

Adding tags to the tag panel in the main window.

Now you add new tags to the tag panel in the main window. We recommend to start with adding the Compilation tag to have all Basic Metadata tags in place. To do so please open the MP3TAG Options menu and choose “Tag Panel”, then click on the “Add fields…” button. The “Edit Field…” dialog will open where you can select a predefined field by entering the MP3Tag name of the field. After this has been done please enter the name of the field, which will be displayed in the tag panel in the main window.

Note: If you add several fields you can change their sort order by using the up/down buttons from the tag panel configuration dialog.Nativ Vita Music Server MP3TAG

Click “OK” and the field will be added to the tag panel in the main window, displaying the respective value you entered.Nativ Vita Music Server MP3TAG

Adding Extended Metadata Tags to the tag panel in the main window.

Apply the same sequence as described above (Section “Adding tags to the tag panel in the main window.”) for all Extended Metadata tags by entering the correct field names into the “Edit Field” dialog. Mp3TAG uses the following unique and predefined field names which are internally mapped and works with ID3, Vorbis Comment and MP4:

Album Artist = ALBUMARTIST
Disc = DISCNUMBER
Composer = COMPOSER
Conductor = CONDUCTOR
Publisher/Label = PUBLISHER

Important Note for “Performer” Tag.

Use the following field names for the Performer Tag:

Performer (ID3v2.3)                                             = INVOLVEDPEOPLE  (IPLS Frame)
Performer (ID3v2.4) = Performer (ID3v2.4) (TMCL Frame)
Performer (Vorbis Comment / MP4) = COMPOSER (PERFORMER Frame)

Important Note for “Lyrics” Tag.

Use the following field names for the Lyrics Tag:

Lyrics (ID3v2.3 & IDv2.4 & MP4)                                            = UNSYNCEDLYRICS (USLT & ©lyr Frame)
Lyrics (Vorbis Comment) = LYRICS  (LYRICS Frame)

Adding User Defined Metadata Tags to the tag panel in main window.

Apply the same sequence as described before (Section “Adding tags to the tag panel in the the main window.”) for all User-Defined Metadata tags by entering the correct field field names into the “Edit Field” dialog. The field names are user-defined by NATIV.

Artist Origin = ARTIST ORIGIN
Artist Era = ARTIST ERA
Artist Type = ARTIST TYPE
Orchestra/Ensemble = ENSEMBLE
Instrument = INSTRUMENT
Video Link = VIDEO LINK
Album Info = ALBUM LINER NOTES
Official Artist Page = ARTIST PAGE
Artist Biography = ARTIST BIOGRAPHY
On Tour = ON TOUR
Facebook = FACEBOOK
Twitter = TWITTER

After adding all tags they are available at the tag panel in the main window. Your main window now supports all tags used by the Nativ High-Res System, including all supported frame formats.Nativ Vita Music Server MP3TAG

 


Verification.

If the metadata of your music does not show up correctly on Nativ Vita you can use the free MediaInfo tool. It will show you the exact names of the metadata fields your music files use so you can make sure they match the fields in our metadata tagging map. 

 

Last Modified: Dec 10, 2018

Comments 7

  • Jon
    04/16/17 5:08 pm

    Lots of work here, sure is the best assembled tagging literature one can find on the net. Looks like I need to do lots of work to get my tagging to an acceptable level, with this information I am sure it’ll get there. Thank you for assembling that info in one place.

    Reply
  • kirk S.
    05/23/17 2:53 pm

    There are great instructions here but it’s not obvious these ways are currently working yet. I want to change “genre” of a bunch of albums already on Vita discs. Is that possible now? I tried using dBpoweramp and can change the metadata (ID-Tag) over the network but Vita must have it’s own metadata in addition (that was based off the file when it was first loaded to the disk?) because the changes don’t show up on Vita after the ID-Tag is edited. Any guidance appreciated.
    Thank you!

    Reply
    • Nativ Support > kirk S.
      05/23/17 5:23 pm

      Hello Kirk, you will need to change the genre metadata tags before you import them into Nativ Vita right now. If you edit metadata via 3rd party software (like dBpoweramp) of music that is already in the SAMBA (import) folder of Nativ Vita the changes will not be registered by Vita. Once we implement the metadata editing screens (see above) you will also be able to edit the metadata on the Vita directly.

      Reply
      • kirk S. > Nativ Support
        05/23/17 9:56 pm

        Great, thanks for that. By the way, I think I did get the changes to stick by using “REBUILD”. But for now will try and make sure music data is properly set before putting on Vita.

        Reply
  • Dave Z
    06/17/17 2:15 pm

    I’m using v1.1.1. Is it possible to view the meta data for a song in this version?

    Reply
  • Dave Z
    06/17/17 2:27 pm

    I’m using v1.1.1. Is it possible to see (not edit) the meta data in v1.1.1? I’d like to be able to identify which version of the song is from a CD and which is Hi Res.

    Reply
  • Nativ Support
    06/17/17 3:07 pm

    Hello Dave, sorry the metadata editing (and viewing) will come in V2 of the software scheduled for end of July. We will also add a special version of the PLAY SCREEN that shows extended metadata.

    Reply

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